Section Arachnanthae - Round, solid scapes. Small flower, narrow spider-like petals. Thicker substance leaves. Bud bracts star-shaped. Islands off Korean coast
Section Eubryocles - Round scapes. Bell shaped and wide flower. Narrow tube, gooved lobes. China
Section Lamellatae - Generally small plants, linear, ridged scapes. Bell-shaped, narrow flower. Narrow tube grooved lobes. Mainland Korea
Subgenus Giboshi - Japanese
Section Tardanthae - Japan, Tsushima Island, southern Korea, northeastn China. ovate | corate leaves and late flowering
Group 1 - narrow-tubed, funnel shaped white flowers
Section Helipteroides - Flat and spreading bracts that are green or pruinose (frosted in appearance or covered in white powder). Anthers - yellow or light purple on yellow. Funnel shaped (narrow bell) flower. Northern & central Japan. Large & very large plants
Boat shaped, imbricated (overlapping) bracts. Anthers are bluish-violet. Flowers are narrow bell shaped.
Section Rynchophorae - Leaning skapes and buds that look like Kutari cranes. Whitish, leafy bracts. Central and southern Japan including archipelagos.
Group 2 - narrow-tubed, near-bell shaped flowers. late flower boom time. boat shaped, white or purple bracts
Section Picnolepis - central Japan
Group 3 - narrow bell-shaped, striped flowers.